Method Hierarchies Exist (Mercuri-Barseghyan-2019)
An attempt to answer the question of Existence of Method Hierarchies which states "There are method hierarchies in the actual process of scientific change."
Suggestions To Accept
|Modification||Community||Date Suggested||Summary||Verdict||Verdict Rationale||Date Assessed|
|Sciento-2019-0013||Scientonomy||24 December 2019||Accept the existence of method hierarchies and the new definition of method hierarchy as a set of methods where theories that satisfy the requirements of methods that are higher in the hierarchy are preferred to theories that satisfy the requirements of methods that are lower in the hierarchy. Also accept the question of conceptualizing method hierarchies.||Open|
Method Hierarchies Exist (Mercuri-Barseghyan-2019) is an attempt to answer the following question: Do method hierarchies exist?
See Existence of Method Hierarchies for more details.
As argued by Mercuri and Barseghyan, it is often the case that "criteria employed by the same epistemic agent constitute a certain preference hierarchy",1 illustrated among other things by the fact that "practitioners in different fields customarily speak of more or less reliable evidence".1 For example, when the community of art historians attempts to establish the authenticity of a certain work of art, they often accept the position of the expert they find most reliable; if, for whatever reason, this expert doesn't have a position on the authenticity of that work of art, the community refers to their second-best expert, and so on.2 Another example of method hierarchies comes from the field of clinical epidemiology that features "a variety of different requirements – from more stringent to more lenient".1 Thus, when the requirements of the randomized controlled trial method are met, the results of the study become accepted. If however, when no studies meet these requirements, clinical epidemiologists often accept the results of studies that satisfy less stringent requirements. Mercuri and Barseghyan discuss a number of such cases in their Method Hierarchies in Clinical Epidemiology.1
No reasons are indicated for this theory.
- Mercuri, Mathew and Barseghyan, Hakob. (2019) Method Hierarchies in Clinical Epidemiology. Scientonomy 3, 45-61. Retrieved from https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/33559.
- Loiselle, Mirka. (2017) Multiple Authority Delegation in Art Authentication. Scientonomy 1, 41-53. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28233.