Necessary Normative Theories
Are there normative theories that are necessarily part of any mosaic? What normative theories, if any, are necessary for the process of scientific change to occur?
The process of scientific change may necessitate the presence of certain normative theories. It is important to find out if there are such necessary normative theories and, if so, what theories these are.
In the scientonomic context, this question was first formulated in 2017. The question is currently accepted as a legitimate topic for discussion by Scientonomy community. Necessary Method theorem (Barseghyan-2015) is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available answer to the question. It is formulated as: "In order for the process of scientific change to be possible, the mosaic must necessarily contain at least one employed method."
|Community||Accepted From||Acceptance Indicators||Still Accepted||Accepted Until||Rejection Indicators|
|Scientonomy||15 February 2017||The question was missing and was added by the editors of the encyclopedia in early 2023. However, it is safe to say that it has been de facto accepted since the acceptance of Sebastien's ontology in 2017.||Yes|
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In Scientonomy, the accepted answer to the question is Necessary Method theorem (Barseghyan-2015).
Necessary Method theorem (Barseghyan-2015) states: "In order for the process of scientific change to be possible, the mosaic must necessarily contain at least one employed method."
According to the non-empty mosaic theorem, there must be at least one element present in a mosaic. By the second law, a theory can only be accepted into a mosaic if there is a method the community can use to appraise the theory. By the third law, methods become employed when they are deductive consequences of accepted theories. Thus, in any mosaic, there must exist at least one method with which a community can appraise new theories.1
To better illustrate this example, we can imagine a community with a set of accepted propositions.
Community φ accepts proposition α. For α to have become accepted, through the second law, we know that φ must have had implicit expectations which α satisfied. No matter what those expectations are, if the community had not harbored those expectations there could be no acceptance.
Similarly, if we have a community φ which experiences a change of expectations (i.e. a change of method), it is deductively true that φ already had a set of expectations which could be referred to as a method.
This question is a subquestion of Necessary Theories.
It has the following sub-topic(s):
- Barseghyan, Hakob. (2015) The Laws of Scientific Change. Springer.