Shields (2016b)

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Shields, Christopher. (2016) Aristotle's Psychology. In Zalta (Ed.) (2016). Retrieved from

Title Aristotle's Psychology
Resource Type collection article
Author(s) Christopher Shields
Year 2016
Collection Zalta (Ed.) (2016)


Aristotle (384–322 BC) was born in Macedon, in what is now northern Greece, but spent most of his adult life in Athens. His life in Athens divides into two periods, first as a member of Plato’s Academy (367–347) and later as director of his own school, the Lyceum (334–323). The intervening years were spent mainly in Assos and Lesbos, and briefly back in Macedon. His years away from Athens were predominantly taken up with biological research and writing. Judged on the basis of their content, Aristotle’s most important psychological writings probably belong to his second residence in Athens, and so to his most mature period. His principal work in psychology, De Anima, reflects in different ways his pervasive interest in biological taxonomy and his most sophisticated physical and metaphysical theory.