Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021)

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This is a definition of Subdiscipline that states "A discipline A is a subdiscipline of another discipline B, iff the set of questions of A, QA, is a proper subset of the questions of B, QB, i.e. QAQB."

Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021).png

This definition of Subdiscipline was formulated by Paul Patton and Cyrus Al-Zayadi in 2021.1

Scientonomic History

Acceptance Record

This definition has never been accepted.

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this definition has been suggested:

Modification Community Date Suggested Summary Verdict Verdict Rationale Date Assessed
Sciento-2021-0006 Scientonomy 1 August 2021 Accept new definitions of subquestion, core question, core theory, discipline, delineating theory, subdiscipline, and discipline acceptance. Open

Question Answered

Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021) is an attempt to definition the following question: What is subdiscipline? How should it be defined?

See Subdiscipline for more details.


A more specialized discipline A is a subdiscipline of another, more general discipline B, if and only if the set of questions QA of A is a proper subset of the questions QBof B 1. For example, cellular neurobiology, the discipline which deals with the cellular properties of nerve cells, is a subdiscipline of neuroscience, which deals with the properties and functions of nervous systems.

The scientific mosaic consists of theories and questions.2345 As a whole, a discipline A consists of a set of accepted questions QA and the theories which provide answers to those questions, or which those questions presuppose.1 Questions form hierarchies, with more specific questions being subquestions of more general questions. Theories find a place in these heirarchies, since each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, and each question presupposes certain theories. It is sometimes the case that the questions QBof a broader discipline B can include all of the questions, QA, of A as subquestions, with the questions of A, formimg a proper subset of the questions of B. In this situation, A is then said to be a subdiscipline of B.


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  1. a b c  Patton, Paul and Al-Zayadi, Cyrus. (2021) Disciplines in the Scientonomic Ontology. Scientonomy 4, 59-85. Retrieved from
  2. ^  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2015) The Laws of Scientific Change. Springer.
  3. ^  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from
  4. ^  Rawleigh, William. (2018) The Status of Questions in the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 1-12. Retrieved from
  5. ^  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from