Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021)

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A definition of Subdiscipline that states "A discipline A is a subdiscipline of another discipline B, iff the set of questions of A, QA, is a proper subset of the questions of B, QB, i.e. QAQB."

Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021).png

This definition of Subdiscipline was formulated by Paul Patton and Cyrus Al-Zayadi in 2021.1


Acceptance Record

This theory has never been accepted.

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this theory has been suggested:
ModificationCommunityDate SuggestedSummaryVerdictVerdict RationaleDate Assessed
Sciento-2021-0006Scientonomy1 August 2021Accept new definitions of subquestion, core question, core theory, discipline, delineating theory, subdiscipline, and discipline acceptance.Open

Question Answered

Subdiscipline (Patton-Al-Zayadi-2021) is an attempt to answer the following question: What is subdiscipline? How should it be defined?

See Subdiscipline for more details.


A more specialized discipline A is a subdiscipline of another, more general discipline B, if and only if the set of questions QA of A is a proper subset of the questions QBof B 1. For example, cellular neurobiology, the discipline which deals with the cellular properties of nerve cells, is a subdiscipline of neuroscience, which deals with the properties and functions of nervous systems.

The scientific mosaic consists of theories and questions.2345 As a whole, a discipline A consists of a set of accepted questions QA and the theories which provide answers to those questions, or which those questions presuppose.1 Questions form hierarchies, with more specific questions being subquestions of more general questions. Theories find a place in these heirarchies, since each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, and each question presupposes certain theories. It is sometimes the case that the questions QBof a broader discipline B can include all of the questions, QA, of A as subquestions, with the questions of A, formimg a proper subset of the questions of B. In this situation, A is then said to be a subdiscipline of B.


No reasons are indicated for this theory.


  1. a b c  Patton, Paul and Al-Zayadi, Cyrus. (2021) Disciplines in the Scientonomic Ontology. Scientonomy 4, 59-85. Retrieved from
  2. ^  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2015) The Laws of Scientific Change. Springer.
  3. ^  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from
  4. ^  Rawleigh, William. (2018) The Status of Questions in the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 1-12. Retrieved from
  5. ^  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from