Bedau (2003)

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Bedau, Mark. (2003) Downward causation and autonomy of weak emergence. Principia 6, 5-50.

Title Downward causation and autonomy of weak emergence
Resource Type journal article
Author(s) Mark Bedau
Year 2003
Journal Principia
Volume 6
Pages 5-50


Weak emergence has been offered as an explanation of the ubiquitous notion of emergence used in complexity science. After outlining the problem of emergence and comparing weak emergence with the tow other main objectivist approaches to emergence, this paper explains a version of weak emergence an illustrates it with cellular automata. Then it explains the sort of downward causation and explanatory autonomy involved in weak emergence.