Hempel (1945)

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Hempel, Carl. (1945) Studies in the Logic of Confirmation. Mind 54 (213), 1-26.

Title Studies in the Logic of Confirmation
Resource Type journal article
Author(s) Carl Hempel
Year 1945
Journal Mind
Volume 54
Number 213
Pages 1-26


The defining characteristic of an empirical statement is its capability of being tested by a confrontation with experimental findings, i.e. with the results of suitable experiments or 'focused' observations. This feature distinguishes statements which have empirical content both from the statements of the formal sciences, logic and mathematics which require no experimental tests for their validation, and from the formulations of transempirical metaphysics, which do not admit of any.