Technological Knowledge as Part of Mosaic (Mirkin-2018)

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This is an answer to the question Status of Technological Knowledge that states "Propositional technological knowledge can be accepted and be part of a mosaic."

Technological Knowledge as Part of Mosaic was formulated by Maxim Mirkin in 2018.1 It is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available answer to the question.

Scientonomic History

Acceptance Record

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CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy11 February 2020The theory became accepted as a result of the acceptance of the respective suggested modification.Yes

Suggestions To Accept

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Modification Community Date Suggested Summary Verdict Verdict Rationale Date Assessed
Sciento-2018-0012 Scientonomy 28 December 2018 Accept that propositional technological knowledge – i.e. technological questions, theories, and methods – can be part of a mosaic. Accepted After a series of mostly off-line discussions, it has been agreed that the modification is to be accepted. It was agreed that "Mirkin's discussion of potential counterarguments [are] convincing".c1 The consensus is that "Mirkin presents arguments that technological knowledge, like scientific knowledge, can be accepted and not just used, and argues that there are no good prior reasons to suppose that technological knowledge would not be explicable using established scientonomic laws or patterns of change".c2 There seem to be "no prima facie reasons why changes in technological knowledge should not obey the same patterns of scientific change",c3 especially given that fact that "there is considerable overlap between science and technology, as when an instrument is used to acquire scientific data, and the trustworthiness of this data must be assessed".c4 11 February 2020

Question Answered

Technological Knowledge as Part of Mosaic (Mirkin-2018) is an attempt to answer the following question: What is the status of technological knowledge in the scientific mosaic? Can technological knowledge be accepted into a mosaic?

See Status of Technological Knowledge for more details.


There is accepted propositional technological knowledge which appears to exhibit the same patterns of change as questions, theories, and methods in the natural, social, and formal sciences. Technological theories attempting to describe the construction and operation of artifacts as well as to prescribe their correct mode of operation are not merely used, but also often accepted by epistemic agents. Since technology often involves methods different from those found in science and produces normative propositions, many of which remain tacit, one may be tempted to think that changes in technological knowledge should be somehow exempt from the laws of scientific change. Yet, the discussion of the historical cases of sorting algorithms, telescopes, crop rotation, and colorectal cancer surgeries show that technological theories and methods are often an integral part of an epistemic agent’s mosaic and seem to exhibit the same scientonomic patterns of change typical of accepted theories therein. Thus, propositional technological knowledge can be part of a mosaic.


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  1. ^  Mirkin, Maxim. (2018) The Status of Technological Knowledge in the Scientific Mosaic. Scientonomy 2, 39-53. Retrieved from