Scientific Mosaic (Barseghyan-2018)

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A definition of Scientific Mosaic that states "A set of all epistemic elements accepted and/or employed by an epistemic agent."

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This definition of Scientific Mosaic was formulated by Hakob Barseghyan in 2018.1 It is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available definition of the term.


Acceptance Record

Here is the complete acceptance record of Scientific Mosaic (Barseghyan-2018):
CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy17 May 2020The definition became accepted as a result of the acceptance of the respective suggested modification.Yes

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this theory has been suggested:
ModificationCommunityDate SuggestedSummaryVerdictVerdict RationaleDate Assessed
Sciento-2018-0009Scientonomy8 October 2018Accept the new definition of scientific mosaic as a set of all epistemic elements accepted and/or employed by the epistemic agent.AcceptedInitially, the modification raised an objection from Patton who argued that the modification "is not acceptable at present, because it contains a term; epistemic agent, which has not yet been defined within scientonomy".c1 This objection received two counterarguments. According to Barseghyan, the lack of such a definition of epistemic agent should not "be taken as a reason for postponing the acceptance of the definition of scientific mosaic", since inevitably any taxonomy contains terms that "rely in their definitions on other (yet) undefined terms".c2 This point was seconded by Rawleigh who argued that the definition of scientific mosaic is to be accepted regardless of whether there is an accepted definition of epistemic agent, since "it's de facto accepted already that some agent is required to have a mosaic".c3 In early 2020, Patton dropped his objection as he found that there was "sufficient general understanding of what an epistemic agent is to accept this definition of the scientific mosaic, even without first accepting a definition of epistemic agent".c4 Additionally, Rawleigh argued that the definition is to be accepted since we have "already accepted the revised question-theory ontology".c517 May 2020

Question Answered

Scientific Mosaic (Barseghyan-2018) is an attempt to answer the following question: What is scientific mosaic? How should it be defined?

See Scientific Mosaic for more details.


According to this definition, scientific mosaic encompasses all accepted and employed epistemic elements. The definition is compatible with the ontology of epistemic elements which assumes that questions and theories (including methods as a sub-type of normative theories) are the only two fundamental types of epistemic elements. In addition, by not referring to any epistemic element explicitly, the definition also purports to be compatible with any future ontology of epistemic elements insofar as that ontology assumes that elements can be accepted and employed.


  1. ^  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from