Epistemic Stances Towards Normative Theories - Norm Employment (Barseghyan-2018)

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This is an answer to the question Epistemic Stances Towards Normative Theories that states "The stance of norm employment can be taken towards a normative theory."

Epistemic Stances Towards Normative Theories - Norm Employment was formulated by Hakob Barseghyan in 2018.1 It is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available answer to the question.

Scientonomic History

Acceptance Record

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CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy1 September 2019This theory was accepted as a ripple effect of the acceptance of the concept of norm employment through the respective suggested modification.Yes

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this theory has been suggested:

Modification Community Date Suggested Summary Verdict Verdict Rationale Date Assessed
Sciento-2018-0006 Scientonomy 8 October 2018 Accept the new ontology of epistemic elements with, theories and questions are the two basic epistemic elements where and each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, theories can be of three types – descriptive, normative, or definitions, and methods are a subtype of normative theory. Accepted Following a series of off-line discussions, a consensus emerged concerning this modification: it was agreed that the modification is to be accepted.c1 It was mentioned that most of the elements of this new ontology "has already been accepted by the scientonomic community".c2 It was also stressed that "the consensus has been manifested on several occasions, including the first scientonomy conference in May 2019 in Toronto, where several of the presenters treated this new ontology as accepted."c3 The fact that the consensus concerning this modification has been achieved primarily off-line, i.e. outside of the discussion pages of this encyclopedia suggests that the scientonomic "workflow must have a way of accommodating these discussions".c4 1 September 2019

Question Answered

Epistemic Stances Towards Normative Theories - Norm Employment (Barseghyan-2018) is an attempt to answer the following question: What types of epistemic stances can be taken by epistemic agents towards normative theories?

See Epistemic Stances Towards Normative Theories for more details.


The stance of norm employment explained by Hakob Barseghyan

In his "Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change", Barseghyan argued that since norms are a subtype of theory, all the epistemic stances that can in principle be taken by an epistemic agent towards theories of all types can also be taken towards norms. In addition to these more universal stances, norms can also be employed, i.e. they have the capacity of constituting the actual expectations of the epistemic agent. This applies to norms of all types.1


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  1. a b  Barseghyan, Hakob. (2018) Redrafting the Ontology of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 2, 13-38. Retrieved from https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31032.