Mirka Loiselle

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Mirka Loiselle is a Canadian scientonomist who's done considerable work on authority delegation in the art market and art expert communities.


Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested by Loiselle:

  • Sciento-2016-0003: Accept the notion of authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard and Mirka Loiselle on 7 September 2016.1 The modification was accepted on 1 February 2017. There was a community consensus that the concept of authority delegation is a significant contribution to scientonomy, as it "sheds light on the mechanism by which the more local, specialized mosaics of epistemic/scientific sub-communities gives rise to the more global scientific mosaic (of *the* Scientific Community), and all in terms of theories and methods".c1 It was also noted that the concept "has already been tacitly accepted by our community"c2 as it has been incorporated in some recent scientonomic research. One further suggestion was to continue refining the concept of authority delegation by focusing on cases "where the delegating community applies its own additional criteria before accepting what the experts tell them".c3
  • Sciento-2016-0004: Provided that the notion of authority delegation is accepted, accept the notions of mutual authority delegation and one-sided authority delegation as subtypes of authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Nicholas Overgaard and Mirka Loiselle on 7 September 2016.1 The modification was accepted on 2 February 2018. Following a period of discussion, it was finally agreed that "the current definitions of authority delegation, mutual authority delegation, and one-sided authority delegation, despite their problems, are currently the best available such definitions".c1 It was noted that these definitions don't take into the account the possibility of conditional authority delegation, where community A is prepared to accept the findings of another community on a certain topic only if these findings also satisfy some additional criteria imposed by community A. It was argued that there might be cases where a community's reliance on the findings of another community might be "conditional in ways that the current authority delegation definition is too restrictive to encompass".c2 The idea of conditional delegation was found pursuit-worhty.c3 It was also stressed that these definitions are only the first step towards a deeper understanding of the mechanism of authority delegation. Scientonomists were advised to pursue the idea of deducing "theorems concerning theory acceptance and method employment in delegating mosaics".c4
  • Sciento-2017-0007: Accept the definitions of the following subtypes of authority delegation: singular authority delegation, multiple authority delegation, hierarchical authority delegation, and non-hierarchical authority delegation. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.2 The modification was accepted on 23 October 2018. While the notions of singular and multiple authority delegation didn't cause much controversy, the notions of hierarchical and non-hierarchical authority delegation gave rise to notable disagreement among scientonomists. As a result, the modification was in discussion for about a year and a half.c1 Eventually, a consensus emerged mostly as a result of offline (in-person) discussion meetings. It was agreed that "for decisions that are not rote and routine, it seems highly unlikely that a pre-established hierarchy of authority delegation does or could exist, nor could a pre-established belief that all authorities should be given equal weight".c2 However, it was also agreed that Loiselle's study "have identified at least one aspect of hierarchical authority delegation in epistemic communities",c3 for "there seem to be instances where some experts occupy privileged positions in the eyes of those delegating authority" and that "alone is sufficient to suggest that hierarchies of authority delegation exists, regardless of of how transient or fixed they might be".c4
  • Sciento-2017-0008: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Monet: A work claimed to be by Monet is authentic if it is considered authentic by the Wildenstein Institute. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0009: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Picasso: a work claimed to be by Picasso is authentic if it is has been certified as authentic by both Maya Widmaier-Picasso and Claude Ruiz-Picasso. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0010: Accept the following reconstruction of the authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Modigliani between 1997 and 2015: a work claimed to be by Modigliani is authentic iff (1) it is in the Ceroni catalogue raisonné or (2) if it is not in catalogue and has been certified as authentic by Marc Restellini. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2017-0011: Accept the following reconstruction of the contemporary authority delegation structure in the art market regarding the works of Renoir: a work claimed to be by Renoir is authentic iff (1) it has been certified as authentic by the Wildenstein institute or (2) it has not been dismissed by the Wildenstein institute and it is included in the Bernheim-Jeune catalogue. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Mirka Loiselle on 19 May 2017.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.

Theories

The following table contains all the theories formulated by Loiselle:
TitleTypeFormulationFormulated In
Mutual Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunities A and B are said to be in a relationship of mutual authority delegation iff community A delegates authority over topic x to community B, and community B delegates authority over topic y to community A.2016
One-sided Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunities A and B are said to be in a relationship of one-sided authority delegation iff community A delegates authority over topic x to community B, but community B doesn’t delegate any authority to community A.2016
Authority Delegation (Overgaard-Loiselle-2016)DefinitionCommunity A is said to be delegating authority over topic x to community B iff (1) community A accepts that community B is an expert on topic x and (2) community A will accept a theory on topic x if community B says so.2016
Non-Hierarchical Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionA sub-type of multiple authority delegation where different communities are delegated the same degree of authority over topic x.2017
Hierarchical Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionA sub-type of multiple authority delegation where different communities are delegated different degrees of authority over topic x.2017
Multiple Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionCommunity A is said to engage in a relationship of multiple authority delegation over topic x iff community A delegates authority over topic x to more than one community.2017
Singular Authority Delegation (Loiselle-2017)DefinitionCommunity A is said to engage in a relationship of singular authority delegation over topic x iff community A delegates authority over topic x to exactly one community.2017

Questions

Here are all the questions formulated by Loiselle:

Publications

Here are the works of Loiselle included in the bibliographic records of this encyclopedia:

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References

  1. a b  Overgaard, Nicholas and Loiselle, Mirka. (2016) Authority Delegation. Scientonomy 1, 11-18. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/27065.
  2. a b c d e  Loiselle, Mirka. (2017) Multiple Authority Delegation in Art Authentication. Scientonomy 1, 41-53. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/28233.

Contributors

Hakob Barseghyan (100.0%)