Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016)

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This is a theory that states "Normative Theory is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of normative theory."

Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016) was formulated by Zoe Sebastien in 2016.1 It is currently accepted by Scientonomy community as the best available answer to the question.

Scientonomic History

In Barseghyan's ontology of epistemic elements, only descriptive theories and methods were considered part of the process of scientific change. Normative theories were excluded from the ontology for their introduction appeared to be resulting in a destructive paradox. With the solution of the paradox by Sebastien, it became possible to introduce normative propositions as elements of the ontology of scientific change.

Acceptance Record

Here is the complete acceptance record of Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016):
CommunityAccepted FromAcceptance IndicatorsStill AcceptedAccepted UntilRejection Indicators
Scientonomy15 February 2017The claim became accepted as a result of the acceptance of Sebastien's ontology.Yes

Suggestions To Accept

Here are all the modifications where the acceptance of this theory has been suggested:

Modification Community Date Suggested Summary Verdict Verdict Rationale Date Assessed
Sciento-2017-0002 Scientonomy 23 January 2017 Accept a new ontology of scientific change where the two fundamental elements are theories - both descriptive and normative - and methods. Accepted The community has agreed that after the solution of the paradox of normative propositions, there are no obstacles for including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change.c1 c2 c3 It was also agreed that including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change "would allow us to grasp the role that methodological and ethical rules play in science".c4 15 February 2017

Questions Answered

Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016) is an attempt to answer the following questions: Subtypes of Theory and Supertypes of Normative Theory.


According to Sebastien, norms, such as those of ethics, aesthetics, or methodology, are normative theories.1


No reasons are indicated for this theory.

If a reason supporting this theory is missing, please add it here.


  1. a b  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from