Subtypes of Theory
What are the subtypes of a theory?
In the scientonomic context, this question was first formulated by Hakob Barseghyan in 2015. The question is currently accepted as a legitimate topic for discussion by Scientonomy community. The subtypes of Theory currently accepted in Scientonomy are:
|Community||Accepted From||Acceptance Indicators||Still Accepted||Accepted Until||Rejection Indicators|
|Scientonomy||1 January 2016||Subtypes of Theory became accepted by virtue of the acceptance of Theory. The term became accepted together with the rest of the original TSC.||Yes|
|Descriptive Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2015)||Descriptive Theory is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of descriptive theory.||2015|
|Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016)||Normative Theory is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of normative theory.||2016|
|Definition Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2018)||Definition is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of definition.||2018|
|Community||Theory||Accepted From||Accepted Until|
|Scientonomy||Descriptive Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2015)||1 January 2016|
|Scientonomy||Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016)||15 February 2017|
|Scientonomy||Definition Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2018)||1 September 2019|
|Modification||Community||Date Suggested||Summary||Verdict||Verdict Rationale||Date Assessed|
|Sciento-2017-0002||Scientonomy||23 January 2017||Accept a new ontology of scientific change where the two fundamental elements are theories - both descriptive and normative - and methods.||Accepted||The community has agreed that after the solution of the paradox of normative propositions, there are no obstacles for including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change.c1 c2 c3 It was also agreed that including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change "would allow us to grasp the role that methodological and ethical rules play in science".c4||15 February 2017|
|Sciento-2018-0006||Scientonomy||8 October 2018||Accept the new ontology of epistemic elements with, theories and questions are the two basic epistemic elements where and each theory is an attempt to answer a certain question, theories can be of three types – descriptive, normative, or definitions, and methods are a subtype of normative theory.||Accepted||Following a series of off-line discussions, a consensus emerged concerning this modification: it was agreed that the modification is to be accepted.c1 It was mentioned that most of the elements of this new ontology "has already been accepted by the scientonomic community".c2 It was also stressed that "the consensus has been manifested on several occasions, including the first scientonomy conference in May 2019 in Toronto, where several of the presenters treated this new ontology as accepted."c3 The fact that the consensus concerning this modification has been achieved primarily off-line, i.e. outside of the discussion pages of this encyclopedia suggests that the scientonomic "workflow must have a way of accommodating these discussions".c4||1 September 2019|
In Scientonomy, the accepted subtypes of Theory are:
Descriptive Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2015) states: "Descriptive Theory is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of descriptive theory."
Normative Theory Is a Subtype of Theory (Sebastien-2016) states: "Normative Theory is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of normative theory."
According to Sebastien, norms, such as those of ethics, aesthetics, or methodology, are normative theories.1
Definition Is a Subtype of Theory (Barseghyan-2018) states: "Definition is a subtype of Theory, i.e. theory is a supertype of definition."
According to Barseghyan, definitions are essentially a species of theories.
- ^ Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/26947.