Zoe Sebastien

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Zoe Sebastien is a Canadian scientonomist notable for her resolution of the paradox of normative propositions and reformulation of the third law.


Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested by Sebastien:

  • Sciento-2016-0001: Accept a new formulation of the third law to make it clear that employed methods do not have to be deducible from all accepted theories and employed methods but only from some. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Zoe Sebastien on 3 September 2016.1 The modification was accepted on 21 January 2017. There was a community consensus that "the new formulation of the third law does bring an additional level of precision to our understanding of the mechanism of method change".c1 The community agreed that the new formulation "makes a clarification that, on its own, warrants this modification's acceptance".c2 Importantly, it was also agreed that the modification "solves the paradox of normative propositions".c3
  • Sciento-2016-0002: Accept a new taxonomy for theory, normative theory, descriptive theory to reintroduce normative propositions (such as those of ethics or methodology) to the scientific mosaic. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Zoe Sebastien on 3 September 2016.1 The discussion was closed on 23 January 2017 and the modification was not accepted. Since this modification consisted of two interrelated but essentially distinct suggestions - one definitional and one ontological - it was decided by the community to divide it into two modifications so that the gist of the proposed suggestions is properly articulated. In particular, it was agreed that there are two modifications in "the heart of this single modification - one ontological, the other definitional".c1 It was also agreed that the current formulation "is exclusively definitional, and does not give the community an opportunity to appreciate (and, well, accept) the ontological changes that come along with it".c2 Consequently, it was decided to divide this modification into two modifications - one definitional and one ontological.c3 It was superseded by Sciento-2017-0001 and Sciento-2017-0002.
  • Sciento-2017-0001: Accept new definitions for theory, normative theory, and descriptive theory. Also, modify the definition of methodology to reflect these changes. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Zoe Sebastien on 23 January 2017.1 The modification was accepted on 15 February 2017. The community agreed that this is "an important addition to theoretical scientonomy".c1 It was agreed that since "the paradox of normative propositions has been solved, a revised set of definitions was needed".c2 It was emphasized that if we're going to have any sort of conversation on the status of normative propositions in the mosaic, "then we need to start from a definition".c3
  • Sciento-2017-0002: Accept a new ontology of scientific change where the two fundamental elements are theories - both descriptive and normative - and methods. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Zoe Sebastien on 23 January 2017.1 The modification was accepted on 15 February 2017. The community has agreed that after the solution of the paradox of normative propositions, there are no obstacles for including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change.c1 c2 c3 It was also agreed that including normative propositions into the ontology of scientific change "would allow us to grasp the role that methodological and ethical rules play in science".c4

Theories

The following table contains all the theories formulated by Sebastien:
TitleTypeFormulationFormulated In
The Third Law (Sebastien-2016)DescriptiveA method becomes employed only when it is deducible from some subset of other employed methods and accepted theories of the time.2016
Methodology (Sebastien-2016)DefinitionA normative theory that prescribes the rules which ought to be employed in theory assessment.2016
Theory (Sebastien-2016)DefinitionA set of propositions.2016
Resolution to the Paradox of Normative Propositions (Sebastien-2016)DescriptiveThe new third law resolves the paradox of normative propositions by making it clear that employed methods don't necessarily follow from all accepted theories, but only from some.2016
Descriptive Theory (Sebastien-2016)DefinitionA set of propositions that attempts to describe something.2016
Normative Theory (Sebastien-2016)DefinitionA set of propositions that attempts to prescribe something.2016
Theory Acceptance (Sebastien-2016)DefinitionA theory is said to be accepted if it is taken as the best available description or prescription of its object.2016
Normative Propositions as Part of the Ontology of Scientific Change (Sebastien-2017)DescriptiveNormative propositions (such as those of methodology or ethics) can be part of a mosaic and undergo change.2017
Epistemic Elements - Theories and Methods (Sebastien-2017)DescriptiveThe two classes of elements that can undergo scientific change are accepted theories - both descriptive and normative - and employed methods.2017

Questions

Here are all the questions formulated by Sebastien:

Publications

Here are the works of Sebastien included in the bibliographic records of this encyclopedia:

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Related Topics

Mechanism of Method Employment
The Paradox of Normative Propositions

References

  1. a b c d  Sebastien, Zoe. (2016) The Status of Normative Propositions in the Theory of Scientific Change. Scientonomy 1, 1-9. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/26947.

Contributors

ScientowikiBot (18.7%), Hakob Barseghyan (81.3%)