Patrick Fraser

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Patrick Fraser (born 10 September 1998) is a Canadian scientonomist.


Suggested Modifications

Here are all the modifications suggested by Fraser:

  • Sciento-2018-0013: Accept scientificity as a distinct epistemic stance that epistemic agents can take towards theories. Also accept several questions concerning the definition of scientificity and the applicability of scientificity to other epistemic elements, such as methods and questions, as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0014: Accept the law of theory demarcation as a new scientonomic axiom. Also accept questions concerning indicators of scientificity as legitimate topics of scientonomic inquiry. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 December 2018.1 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0015: Accept the definition of compatibility, as the ability of two elements to coexist in the same mosaic. Also replace the zeroth law with the compatibility corollary. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification was accepted on 3 June 2020. While the modification induced a few comments on the encyclopedia, it became accepted as a result of discussions that took place mostly offline. It was agreed that the modification "comes to remedy one of the glaring omissions" in the current zeroth which doesn't "say much above and beyond what is already implicit in the notion of compatibility"c1 as it "is lacking in empirical content, and should be replaced with a definition of compatibility".c2 It was also noted that the proposed "definition of compatibility criteria... captures the gist of the concept as it has been used in our community".c3 It was also agreed that "the compatibility corollary follows from this definition".c4 c5 Finally, the community accepted that the definition and the corollary "recover the content of the Zeroth Law".c6
  • Sciento-2018-0016: Accept compatibility as a distinct epistemic stance that can be taken towards epistemic elements of all types. Also accept that compatibility is binary, reflexive, and symmetric. Transitivity of compatibility holds only within mosaics, not in general. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0017: Accept the new definition of compatibility criteria as criteria for determining whether two elements are compatible or incompatible. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification was accepted on 11 October 2020. The discussions concerning this modification took place mostly online, but primarily outside of this encyclopedia. There is a communal agreement that the modification is to be accepted as it fixes "an obvious drawback of [Barseghyan's] original definition".c1 Since "compatibility is a stance that can be taken towards methods, theories, and questions alike"c2 it is agreed that we need a definition that is applicable to all epistemic elements, not merely theories. It was also noted that the new definition has the advantage of being "neutral to the the addition of new epistemic elements to the scientonomic ontology".c3
  • Sciento-2018-0018: Accept the new dynamic law of compatibility which specifies how exactly two elements become to be considered compatible or incompatible within a mosaic. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0019: Accept the new definition of theory acceptance which makes explicit that accepted theories are a subset of scientific theories. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending.
  • Sciento-2018-0020: Accept the demarcation-acceptance synchronism theorem. The modification was suggested to Scientonomy community by Patrick Fraser and Ameer Sarwar on 28 January 2018.2 The modification is currently being evaluated; a verdict is pending. The modification can only become accepted once modifications Sciento-2018-0014 and Sciento-2018-0019 all become accepted.

Theories

The following table contains all the theories formulated by Fraser:

TitleTypeFormulationFormulated In
The Law of Compatibility (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DescriptiveIf a pair of elements satisfies the compatibility criteria employed at the time, it becomes compatible within the mosaic; if it does not, it is deemed incompatible; and if assessment is inconclusive, the pair can become compatible, incompatible, or its status may be unknown.2018
Compatibility Criteria (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DefinitionCriteria for determining whether two elements are compatible or incompatible.2018
Demarcation-Acceptance Synchronism (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DescriptiveEvery theory that becomes accepted satisfies the demarcation criteria employed at the time of acceptance.2018
The Law of Theory Demarcation is Not a Tautology (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveThe law of theory demarcation is not a tautology.2018
The Law of Theory Demarcation (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveIf a theory satisfies the demarcation criteria of the method employed at the time, it becomes scientific; if it does not, it remains unscientific; if assessment is inconclusive, the theory’s status can become scientific, unscientific, or uncertain.2018
Epistemic Stances Towards Theories - Scientificity Acceptance Use and Pursuit (Sarwar-Fraser-2018)DescriptiveThe list of possible stances towards a theory includes scientificity, acceptance, use, and pursuit.2018
Compatibility (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DefinitionThe ability of two elements to coexist in the same mosaic.2018
Compatibility Corollary (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DescriptiveAt any moment of time, the elements of the scientific mosaic are compatible with each other.2018
Theory Acceptance (Fraser-Sarwar-2018)DefinitionAn accepted theory is a scientific theory that is taken as the best available description or prescription of its object.2018

Questions

Here are all the questions formulated by Fraser:

Publications

Here are the works of Fraser included in the bibliographic records of this encyclopedia:

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References

  1. a b  Sarwar, Ameer and Fraser, Patrick. (2018) Scientificity and The Law of Theory Demarcation. Scientonomy 2, 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31275.
  2. a b c d e f  Fraser, Patrick and Sarwar, Ameer. (2018) A Compatibility Law and the Classification of Theory Change. Scientonomy 2, 67-82. Retrieved from https://scientojournal.com/index.php/scientonomy/article/view/31278.